Market Insight
SPRING 2017

Annual report
Year 2017

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02. Freight traffic on inland waterways & in ports

TRANSPORT PERFORMANCE IN EUROPE

TRANSPORT PERFORMANCE IN IWT ON THE NATIONAL TERRITORY OF EACH COUNTRY IN EUROPE FOR Q3 2015 AND Q3 2016

Share of the countries’ TKM in total transport performance in Europe

Transport performance (in mio. tkm)

Source : National Statistics Offices, Eurostat, CCNR

  • In Europe, during Q3 2016, Rhine countries represented 82% of the goods transported through inland waterways in Europe, whereas Danube countries represented 17%.

INLAND WATERWAY TRANSPORT PERFORMANCE EVOLUTION ON RHINE AND DANUBE (TRANSPORT PERFORMANCE IN MILLION TKM)

Source : Destatis, National Statistics Offices

  • In Q3 2016, 47.5 million tons of goods were transported on the traditional Rhine (Rhine between Switzerland and Dutch-German border). This represents an increase of 8.8% compared to the low water period in Q3 2015, but stagnation versus Q2 2016. Transport performance was higher by 10% compared to Q3 2015, and also remained constant with respect to Q2 2016.
  • The Danube traffic underwent a significant increase during the Q3 2016 (+30% on a quarterly year-on-year basis in the middle and lower Danube countries, and +40% at the upper Danube in Austria and Slovakia), which resulted from the huge catch-up effects for mass cargo transports (iron ore, coke coal, grain), which had been damaged heavily by low water periods of Q3 and Q4 2015.

DRY CARGO TRANSPORT PERFORMANCE IN EUROPE (QUARTERLY DATA – MIO TKM)

Source : National Statistics Offices, CCNR

  • By comparing dry cargo figures for Rhine countries with previous years, the recovery since Q3 2015 has not enabled dry cargo traffic to reach again the levels of the beginning of 2015. The recovery stopped halfway and started to decrease again during Q3 2016.
  • Danube countries experienced better water level conditions during Q3 2016 than in Q3 2015. They also took advantage of good harvest results in 2016 which explains the increase in dry cargo transport performance in Danube countries.

LIQUID CARGO TRANSPORT PERFORMANCE IN EUROPE (QUARTERLY DATA – MIO TKM)

Source : National Statistics Offices, CCNR

CONTAINER TRANSPORT PERFORMANCE IN EUROPE (QUARTERLY DATA – MIO TKM)

Source : National Statistics Offices, CCNR

  • Liquid cargo and container transports have, in contrast, not only caught up, but even surpassed the respective levels of Q3 2015. However liquid cargo transport performance has decreased after its peak during Q1 2016 while container transport performance is maintaining transport performance levels over 4 billion TKM.
  • Container transport on the Danube is marginal, and therefore container transport in Europe is almost equivalent to container transport in Rhine countries.
  • Container transport on the traditional Rhine amounted in Q3 2016 to 4.2 million tons of goods and 581 thousand TEU. Compared to Q3 2015, the number of transported tons was higher by 8% and TEU figures by 6%.

TRANSPORT PERFORMANCE IN MAIN IWT EUROPEAN COUNTRIES

INLAND SHIPPING TRANSPORT PERFORMANCE IN MAIN EUROPEAN IWT COUNTRIES

(QUARTERLY DATA – MIO TKM)

Source : Eurostat and National Statistics Offices

  • Compared to Q2 2016, transport performance weakened by 4% in the Netherlands and by 1% in Germany.
  • Compared to Q3 2015, transport performance in Q3 2016 was higher by 5% in the Netherlands and by 8% in Germany. The higher growth rate in Germany reflects the still huge catch-up process filling the gap in the dry cargo segment.
  • In France, IWT performance suffered heavily in Q3 2016, particularly because of bad harvest results. According to the agricultural association Agrimer, the 2nd half of 2016 saw French exports of wheat to overseas countries cut in half (-50%) when compared to the export volumes in the same period of 2015. Due to this effect, the dry cargo segment lost 18% compared to its transport performance levels during Q3 2015 and Q2 2016.
  • While the liquid cargo segment in France lost only moderately in Q3 2016, the container segment saw an increase: +12% when compared to Q3 2015 and +2% when compared to Q2 2016.
  • In the Danube countries, a very strong increase in transport demand could be observed, both for the upper Danube (Austria, Slovakia) as well as for the middle Danube (Hungary, Serbia, Croatia) and the lower Danube (Romania, Bulgaria).This has mainly to do with the recovery of mass cargo transports for important market segments in Danube shipping, such as the steel industry, the chemical industry and the agricultural and foodstuff sector.
  • In Croatia and Serbia, transport demand weakened in Q3 2016 compared to the previous quarter, while it kept on rising between Q2 2016 and Q3 2016 in Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria.

DRY BULK, LIQUID BULK & CONTAINER TRANSPORT

RATE OF CHANGE IN INLAND SHIPPING TRANSPORT PERFORMANCE IN RHINE COUNTRIES

(Q3 2016 VS Q3 2015 -%)

Source : Eurostat and National Statistics Offices

  • Although surpassing the Q3 2015 levels by far (+12% in Germany; +9% in the Netherlands), the ever prospering container traffic in these two countries witnessed a small decline in transport performance compared to the previous quarter Q2 2016: -3% (DE) and -2% (NL). Nevertheless, container traffic still follows an upward trend, especially in these two countries. Between Q1 2011 and Q3 2016, quarterly container transport performance increased by 33% both in the Netherlands and in Germany.
  • Dry cargo transport performance increased strongly in Germany (+ 8%), reflecting above all catch-up effects, and it was higher also in the Netherlands (+5%). In France, especially bad harvest results lead to a strong decrease of 18%.

RATE OF CHANGE IN INLAND SHIPPING TRANSPORT PERFORMANCE IN DANUBE COUNTRIES

(Q3 2016 VS Q3 2015 -%)

Source : Eurostat and National Statistics Offices

  • Overall the dominant market segment in the Danube region, the dry cargo segment, is marked by high volatility due to the large role of agricultural products, and because of the peculiarities of water level fluctuations on the Danube.
  • At the upper Danube in Austria, the important dry cargo segment of iron ore and metal transports registered a very strong increase of 50% compared to Q3 2015. This was due to sharply increasing iron ore transport upstream to Austria, and metal products downstream towards the middle and lower Danube. A strong rate of increase was observed also for agricultural products.
  • In the middle as well as in the lower Danube region, the transport of mineral oil products increased strongly. For the middle Danube, this was due to more upstream movements of oil products from Hungary to Slovakia.

WATERSIDE TRANSPORT IN EUROPEAN PORTS

EVOLUTION OF TRANSSHIPMENT BETWEEN Q1-Q3 2015 AND Q1-Q3 2016

  • Maritime goods traffic in the port of Rotterdam decreased by 2% in the first three quarters of 2016, compared to the same period in 2015. This was especially due to less coal and iron ore traffic. The port of Antwerp increased its traffic by 3.3%, thanks to more liquid cargo, while dry cargo decreased. Goods traffic in the port of Hamburg stagnated (+0.3%).
  • The inland shipping traffic in the biggest European inland port Duisburg reached 47 million tons in the first nine months of 2016 (+3.8% compared to one year earlier). Around 90% of the waterside traffic in Duisburg is international traffic related to the steel industry. Within this international waterside traffic, the majority of goods (iron ore, coal, etc.) are imported (82%), while only 12% (steel products, etc.) are exported.
  • The second biggest inland port in Europe, the port of Paris, witnessed a growth of 1% in river traffic. This was due to an increase in building materials, which represent 50% of the River traffic in Paris, and are – in terms of volumes transshipped – the most important goods segment. Another significant segment, agricultural products and foodstuff, suffered heavily from the bad harvest results in France and lost 19%.
  • The third biggest inland port in Europe, the port of Liege, saw its river traffic go up by 6%. As in Paris, building materials are the most important goods segment for waterside traffic also in Liege, and an increase was witnessed in 2016.
  • Following the traffic growth in Danube countries in 2016, goods transshipment in inland ports also increased between 2015 and 2016 (looking at cumulated transshipment volume for Q1, Q2 and Q3). The overall transshipment growth for all national inland ports is positive for all Danube countries: in Austria (+3.6%), in Croatia (+28.8%), in Serbia (+25.8%) and in Romania (+3.5%).
  • In the port of Izmail (Ukraine), transshipment increased in 2016 by 7% (Q1-Q3) mainly due to the increase of iron ores shipped to the ports of Linz (Austria) and Smederevo (Serbia).

 

 

 

CONTAINER TRANSPORT IN EUROPEAN PORTS

IWT CONTAINER TRAFFIC IN EUROPEAN INLAND PORTS IN THE FIRST THREE QUARTERS 2016 AND 2015

(1000 TEU)

Source : destatis, Port autonome de Strasbourg, Swiss Rhine ports

MARITIME CONTAINER TRAFFIC IN EUROPEAN SEA-PORTS IN THE FIRST THREE QUARTERS 2016 AND 2015

(IN MIO TEU)

Source : Eurostat and National Statistics Offices

  • Among the three biggest seaports in Europe, the port of Antwerp was the one that saw its maritime container traffic increase by 5% within
    the first nine months of 2016, compared to the same period in 2015.
  • In Rotterdam, the figures for the first nine months of 2016 were slightly lower (-0.4%) than in the same period of 2015. In Hamburg, the results were as high as in Q1-Q3 2015.
  • The biggest inland port of Europe, the port of Duisburg, registered an increase of 7% in its container traffic. The level in Q1-Q3 2016 amounted to 431 210 TEU.
  • In the port of Paris, for which quarterly statistics were not available, around 400 000 TEU were transshipped over the whole year 2016 (+7.3%).
  • In Liege, container traffic grew strongly by 40% in 2016 as a whole, reaching almost 57 000 TEU. However, its level is still much lower than in the other two big inland ports of Duisburg and Paris.
  • The container traffic results in major Rhine ports except Duisburg were very mixed. In Germersheim on the upper Rhine, a small increase occurred (+2.4%), and a strong increase in Mainz (+11%) and in Basel (+13%). Rhine ports where container traffic in Q1-Q3 2016 was below the results of the previous year were Mannheim, Emmerich, Neuss and Köln. In Strasbourg, the rate of change was 0.2%.

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